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Wednesday, 22 November 2017

Population and Labour Force Pakistan

Population and Labour Force Pakistan

Population of Pakistan is estimated at 139.024 million by 1st January, 1998 and now reaches 192 million become 6th most populated country in the world. The current population growth rate is estimated to be 2.7 percent. which is one of the highest in the region. In 1951, the growth rate of population was 1.79 percent per annum which during 1972 - 73 climbed to 3.69 percent. Followed by a declining trend, it is estimated to 7 have decelerated to 2.77 percent n in 199. and further to 2.7 percent per annum in 1998. By the terminal year, 2003 of the 9 tit Five-Year plan, the population growth is projected to slowdown to 2.5 percent.

Alifye - Pakistan Study - History of Pakistan -  Population and Labour Force Pakistan
The Fifth Population and Housing census has been undertaken during March 2 - 18, 1998, barring certain areas / Pockets which could not be covered due to unfavorable weather conditions / local -political considerations. 'Ma, the 1998 Census data processing will take some more time. On the basis of some Demographic (PDS) and Population Growth Surveys (PGS) which have been conducted after 1981 census, projections of the population have been made and trends in fertility, mortality and natural growth have been derived. Overtime, the cmde birth and death rates have declined. The crude birth rate, which was 43.30 per thousand population in 1981 and is estimated to be around 36.00 per thousand in 1998 due to acceptance of family planning programine and improvement in literacy rate and living standard. The crude death rate, which was 11.80 per thou4and in 1981, had also declined to 9.9 per thousand in 1994 and 9.01 per thousand in 1998, due to improved health facilities.
The influx of Afghan Refuges into Pakistan started in 1978 and -was at its peak at 3.7 million in June, 1990. The data of Afghan Refugees reveals that Pakistan is still hosting 1.818 million Afghan Refuges at the end of March. 1998. Pakistan maintained a policy of temporary protection with voluntary return as a preferred option. Since July 1990 to March, 1998 approximately 1.9 million refuges have repatriated to Afghanistan. Due to continued factional fighting amongst various Afghan groups as well as non - availability of adequate economic opportunities and other social - economic conditions, about 0.296 million fresh Afghanis also took refuge in Pakistan during May, 1992 to March 1998.

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